So I have done a lot of research on Processors and I will skim over the main difference at the end between Intel and AMD. From what I read the most simple way to explain what the processor does is most easily explained by imagining your own brain, there is the area where you hold information ( remembers what 1, 2, and 3 are) and the part that processes information (figures out that 1 plus 2 equals 3) this is the part that the Processor does. Now how they measure how much information is measured in Hertz (These days in Gigahertz). Every Processor goes through to the computers memory and processes the information by using the predetermined formulas that are installed on the processor (you could consider this the computers instincts). There is some information that is kept on the processor which most of all computer users know not to mess with and those files are called registry files. They are kept on the processor so it can access them much faster.
Now I may edit and update this because when I first got the request I didn't even know much about the processors. But the two of the biggest companies that make processors is AMD and Intel. From what I see there is no huge difference between the two. Intel is known to make the fastest processors designed to do big projects. AMD is know for making the "best for your buck" processors, not saying they are bad processors but they are the best for people who are on a budget when looking for parts.
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